4 – 7 Hours
Get a look at Mexico City’s Aztec heritage with a tour to some of the last relics to survive from the days before Columbus and Cortes. With a visit to the Templo Mayor Museum and a look at the historic city, you can explore the unique past and present of this ancient capital.
The Great Temple or Templo Mayor was devoted to Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, measuring approximately 100 by 80 m (328 by 262 ft) at its base, dominated the Sacred Precinct. Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325 A.D. and it was rebuilt six times. The temple was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 to make way for the new cathedral and the seat of their empire. Today, the archeological site lies just to the northeast of the Zocalo, or main plaza of Mexico City, in the block between Seminario and Justo Sierra streets.
The Templo Mayor or Great Temple (called Hueteocalli by the Aztecs) dominated the central sacred precinct of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. Topped by twin temples dedicated to the war god Huitzilopochtli and the rain god Tlaloc it was a focal point of the Aztec religion and very center of the Aztec world. It was also the scene of state occasions such as coronations and the place of countless human sacrifices where the blood of the victims was thought to feed and appease the two great gods to whom it was dedicated.
In addition to the tour of the Templo Mayor, you will also be visiting Mexico City’s Museum of Anthropology. This museum the largest and most visited museum in Mexico. In fact, is considered the 7th largest museum in the world. The museums contain significant archeological and anthropological artifacts from Mexico’s pre-Columbian heritage such as the Stone of the Sun or Aztec calendar stone and the Aztec Xochipilli statue.
What’s Not Included